Legal Trivia Quiz #56

The Civil Justice Reforms have been in place for many years now. This quiz tests readers knowledge of some the history to and changes brought in by the CJR.

1. Who was the Chairman of the Working Party on Civil Justice Reforms?

A. Justice Patrick Chan

B. Justice Geoffrey Ma

C. Jusice Robert Ribeiro

2. When did Hong Kong’s Civil Justice Reforms come into effect?

A. 2 April 2007

B. 2 April 2008

C. 2 April 2009

D. 2 April 2010

3. Hong Kong’s civil justice reforms follow on from reforms made in England and Wales as a result of a report by which English judge?

A. Lord Denning

B. Lord Neueberger

C. Lord Woolf

4. When did the review of the Hong Kong Civil Justice system commence?

A. 1998

B. 2000

C. 2002

D. 2004

5. The CJR introduced Order 1A of the Rules of the High Court which set out the Underlying Objectives of the CJR. What is the equivalent rule called in England & Wales?

A. Underlying Objectives

B. Overriding Objective

C. Guiding Principles

D. Underlying Principles

6. Prior to the CJR a Case Management Summons was called what?

A. Case Directions Summons

B. Summons for Directions

C. Directons Summons

D. There was no equivalent

7. A sanctioned payment was pre-CJR referred to as what?

A. Calderbank payment

B. Payment in offer of settlement

C. Settlement Payment

D. Payment into court

8. Prior to the CJR was leave to appeal to the Court of Appeal required for appeals from substantive interlocutory decisions of judges?

A. Yes

B. No.

9. The Final Report on Civil Justice Reform recommended consideration be given to the establishment of a specialist IP/ IT list. Has this been done?

A. Yes, a list has been established

B. No

C. A list is under consideration

10. The CJR introduced mediation as a form of dispute resolution. Is mediation mandatory?

A. Yes.

B. No.

C. No, but failure to actively engage mediation may result in costs consequences

Answers to Legal Trivia Quiz #55

1. B. The plaintiff name at first instance was Mr Broderip another creditor of A Salomon Co Ltd.

2. C. Mrs Donoghue claimed to have found the decomposed remains of a snail in ginger beer.

3. B. Mr Anton Piller was the founder of Anton Piller KG in 1909. (See for a history of the company including a picture of Mr Piller himself!)

4. D. On the voyage that gave rise to the case, the Mareva was carrying fertilizer.

5. C. The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in New York State, United States.

6. D. Mrs Carlill caught influenza which, amongst other things, the Carbolic Smokeball was meant to prevent.

7. B. Mr Woolmington was accused of murdering his wife.

8. D. PJS’s husband is a famous singer.

9. D. The American Cyanamid case involved a claim for infringement of a patent for artificial absorbable surgical sutures, to wit, a surgical product.

10. C. In the High Trees House case rent was agreed to be reduced due to the impact of WWII – when up to third of the population of London left the city.

The name of the winner of the Legal Trivia Quiz #55 can be found on page 3 in the April 2019 issue of Hong Kong Lawyer.



Mr. Clark is a barrister (and former solicitor) practising in Hong Kong. His practice focuses primarily on intellectual property and related areas.  From September 2016, he has been appointed an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Hong Kong to teach the IP LLM course. Mr. Clark is General Editor and a co-author ofIntellectual Property Rights: Hong Kong SAR and the People’s Republic of China and author of Patent Litigation in China. He has also published a history of British and American extraterritoriality in China, Gunboat Justice